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What is the best garden lighting?

Garden lighting can serve various purposes, for example, creating accents in the dark or creating more safety. You need to think about light colour, protection class, sensors as well as the type and nature of the bulbs and fixtures. Tips and ideas for the optimal garden lights can be found in the following article.

Garden path with bollard lights



The most important information at a glance:

  • Lighting the garden provides protection and highlights certain objects  
  • Garden fixtures and bulbs require a protection class of at least IP44  
  • LED floodlights, floor spotlights, bollard and wall lights are particularly suitable 


Which bulbs and fixtures are suitable for the garden? 

Basically, you can use any bulb in the garden as long as it has the necessary IP protection class: If you want to install your fixtures under a roof or ledge, a protection class of IP44 is sufficient. If you want to place your lights directly outdoors, you need to pay attention to the IP65 classification - this way they are also protected against strong jets of water. LED bulbs that you recess into the ground or install underwater need a protection class of IP67. These are sealed so that no moisture can penetrate the housing.

You will find products with the necessary protection classes in the "LED Outdoor Lighting" category. You can see a selection of bulbs and fixtures here. If you are interested in a product, simply click on the button below.




The colour temperature of your LED garden lighting is also important - however, there is no one right light. For a cosy atmosphere, we recommend a warm white (3,000 K) or extra warm white (2,700 K) light colour: the lower the Kelvin value, the more golden the light. Cool white (4,000 K) or daylight (6,500 K) light sources, on the other hand, emit a light that shows a lot of detail but is not very cosy. It is particularly suitable for safety lighting or for illuminating areas where people are working. So before you buy, think about what purpose your garden lighting is more likely to serve.

Garden lights with motion detectors are also particularly popular. These only come on when something moves in their surroundings. This offers you more security against uninvited guests in the garden and, of course, also when crossing the green spaces. Especially for paths, this can not only be practical, but also save a lot of energy costs. You can find all products of this kind in our category "Sensor Fixtures".

Of course, there are different garden fixtures that are more suitable for different applications than others. We now present these to you:

Lighting for flower beds

Lighting of flower beds

Illuminate your flowerbeds with LEDs to set the scene for certain areas of your outdoor space in the dark. This way you can not only create a real eye-catcher, but also orientation. Ground spotlights or so-called bollard lanterns that you can insert directly into the bed are best suited for this purpose.

Many of them are solar lights: They draw their energy directly from the sun and are therefore not dependent on a power connection. This saves you 100 % of the energy costs that a conventional bulb would incur.

Lighting of trees and bushes

For trees and high bushes, we recommend LED Floodlights. You can perfectly illuminate small bushes and low hedges with LED ground floodlights. Many of them are even among our energy-saving solar lights. This means that you do not have to connect the ground spotlights to the mains, so you are particularly flexible in your choice of location and also save 100 % on electricity costs.

It also depends on how high and wide the trees and bushes are that you want to illuminate. As a rule of thumb, you can remember: If the object is rather wide and small, you should choose a higher beam angle (~60 degrees). This way you ensure that not only a small part of the respective plant is illuminated, but a large area is caught.

The situation is different for tall and narrow objects, where you need garden fixtures with a narrower beam angle (25-40 degrees) so that the light is not spread too widely and thus lost.

Enclosed you will find a table that shows you how large the light cone of a bulb is at a height of 2.5 metres and at which beam angle. 


Beam angle Degree (D) Diameter of light cone (2.5 m height)
Narrow 25 1,11 m
Medium 40 1,82 m
Wide 90 5 m
Very wide 120 8,66 m


Path lighting

Path Lighting in the Garden

You should light paths to minimise the risk of injury in the dark. This is particularly useful on steps or ascents and descents. Of course, you can also bathe entire path sections in light. This helps you and your guests to find their way around the outdoor area and sets accents.

You can also use ground spotlights or bollard lanterns from Paulmann for this purpose - these are usually also solar lights. Just make sure that the light cannot fall into the eyes of people using the path and thus dazzle them.

If the path runs directly next to a wall, you can take advantage of this. Here you can either install weatherproof LED spotlights or even work with LED floodlights. Here you should make sure that your bulb does not protrude into the path and people could potentially bump into it. 


Discover LED-Lamps from Paulmann


Illuminating facades and garden walls

If you have one or more walls or facades in your garden, you can illuminate them with an outdoor fixture. Especially, walls with a white and smooth surface reflect incident light well and can thus even provide indirect ambient lighting. You can make use of this effect, especially on the terrace.

When choosing fixtures, you can benefit from a wide selection. If you want to illuminate a wall, you should choose LED floodlights or floor spotlights. If, on the other hand, you want to install a fixture on a wall, LED bulkheads or wall-mounted wall luminaires are a good choice. A special eye-catcher are so-called "up & down wall luminaires", which emit not one but two cones of light - one upward, one downward. Many of these fixtures come with built-in sensors: fixtures with a twilight switch, for example, only light up when the light falls below a certain level in the respective area. This way, you don't have to worry about switching on the outdoor fixtures after a certain time.




Incandescent light bulb symbol

Another interesting topic is terrace lighting. We tell you what you need to know about this in our blog article: How to decorate your terrace with LED lights



Smart LEDs for the garden: How to control your lighting

Smartphone shows Smart Home


Take your garden lighting to the next level with Smart LEDs. With an app that you can use via smartphone or tablet, you can control your light with just a few clicks: adjust the illuminance or switch to other light colours and shades. Voice control is also supported by smart garden lighting in many cases.

But that's not all: efficient lighting schedules can also be created via the respective Smart Home application. This means you no longer have to worry about switching LED lighting on and off, and only let it shine when it is needed. This not only saves time, but also money. 

You can find smart LED lighting in our Smart Lighting product category. Don't forget to filter for the appropriate protection classes for outdoor lighting here too!